During pregnancy, women go through hormonal changes that can affect their oral health.
This fact is often unknown to many pregnant women.
Factors influencing the teeth:
Pregnancy is associated with hormonal and diet changes:
Vomiting which fragilizes the enamel, tendency to snack and eat sweets which causes tooth decay.
Risks for teeth and gums during pregnancy:
The increase in the estrogen hormone makes the gums more vulnerable to inflammation.
Therefore, during pregnancy, even a small quantity of dental plaque results in gingivitis.
It is a severe type of gingivitis correlated directly with pregnancy.
It consists of bleeding and swollen gums.
Pregnancy gingivitis regresses after childbirth.
If gingivitis is left untreated, it can lead to periodontitis.
Bacteria can spread to the rest of the body, even the placenta, causing inflammation.
A pregnant woman with periodontitis risks a premature birth and pre-eclampsia.
An unhealthy diet and vomiting promote tooth decay.
Advice to follow during pregnancy:
Regular checkups with your dentist prevent dental complications from developing during pregnancy.
Make sure to take care of your oral hygiene.
After vomiting, rinse your mouth with water and a teaspoon of baking soda to neutralize the acidity and wait 45 minutes before brushing your teeth.
Dental care during pregnancy
Dental treatment is not advised against, but dentists prefer to abstain unless it is an emergency.
Dental radiography can also be performed with no risk to the fetus.
According to research, the mouth is quite far from the abdomen.
Furthermore, various protection equipment is made available to protect any patient from unnecessary radiation.
Pregnant women have to take great care when taking medication, most of which are ill-advised during pregnancy.
Be sure to consult your doctor or dentist before taking any drug.